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ECTS credits

  • ECTS credits are a value allocated to course units which represent the student workload required to complete them. They reflect the quantity of work each course requires in relation to the total quantity of work required to complete a full year of academic study at the institution, that is, lectures, practical work, seminars, private work - in the library or at home - and examinations or other assessment activities. Credits thus express a relative value.
  • In ECTS, 60 credits represent the workload of a year of study; normally 30 credits are given for a semester, and 20 credits for a term.
  • ECTS credits can be allocated to industrial placements and to thesis preparation when these activities are an assessed part of the official programme or study.
  • ECTS credits are allocated to courses and awarded to students who successfully complete those courses by passing the examinations or other assessments.

ECTS grades

Examination and assessment results are usually expressed in grades. There are many different grading systems in Europe. To help institutions interpret the grades awarded to ECTS students, the ECTS grading scale has been developed by the institutions participating in the pilot scheme. This provides additional information on the student's performance to that provided by the institution's grade, but does not replace the local grade. Higher education institutions make their own decisions on how to apply the ECTS grading scale to their own system. ECTS Key Documents These number three :

  • This information document
  • The learning agreement, which describes the programme of study abroad and is drawn up by the individual student and institutions involved before the student goes abroad.
  • The transcript of records, which shows the learning achievements of the student prior to and after the period of study abroad. Every course taken by the student is recorded on the transcript of records with not only the ECTS credits but also the grade awarded according to the local grading scale and, when available, the ECTS grading scale. The combination of grades and ECTS credits represents the performance of the student in qualitative and quantitative terms respectively.